ACL Tears

ACL is one of the four main ligaments within the knee that connects the femur (thigh bone) to the tibia (shinbone).

It prevents the tibia from sliding out in front of the femur, as well as providing rotational stability to the knee.

ACL sprains and tears are among the most common knee injuries. ACL injury occurs to people playing sports that involve sudden stops, jumping or changes in direction like basketball, football, skiing, and soccer.

Signs and Symptoms
  • A loud “pop” or a “popping” sensation in the knee
  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Instability of the knee
  • Loss of range of motion
Diagnosis
  • X-rays of the knee
  • MRI
Treatment
Non-Surgical

Non-surgical treatment advised to less active individuals and older people

  • Physical therapy
  • Exercise rehabilitation to strengthen the knee and to get range of motion
Surgical

Surgical Treatment advised to young and sporting individuals

  • Arthroscopic or open ACL reconstruction using either Patellar tendon auto graft or Hamstring tendon auto graft
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