Knee Fractures

Knee joint is between lower end thigh (femur) bone, upper end of Shin bone (Tibia) and Knee cap (patella). Fracture can invole either lower end of femur, Upper end of tibia or Patella. Fractures around knee joint are more often associated with ligament injuries (ACL, PCL, MCL, LCL) & Meniscal (Medial or Lateral) Tears.

Causes
  • Sport injuries
  • Road traffic accidents
  • Falls
Symptoms
  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Inability to move the joint
  • Inabiliy to bear weight
  • Joint deformity
Investigations
  • X-rays
  • CT scan
  • MRI
Treatment
Non-Surgical

All un-displaced knee fractures can be treated by plaster cast from a groin to toe for 8-12 weeks

Surgical

Displaced fractures are treated surgically.

  • Distal Femur Fractures: treated with Nailing or Plates & Screws, Bone grafting when necessary.
  • Proximal Tibia Fractures: treated with Plates & Screws, Bone grafting when necessary.
  • Patella: Tension band wiring, Screws.
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