Neck pain is the common problem experienced by many individuals at some point in their lives. A number of disorders and diseases, involving the tissues in the neck can lead to neck pain.
The neck structure includes the neck muscles, arteries, veins, lymph glands, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, oesophagus, larynx, and trachea. Disease or disorder of any of these structures can lead to neck pain.
Conditions such as cervical spinal stenosis, myofascial pain, ankylosing spondylitis, cervical foraminal stenosis and spondylolisthesis can also be some of the reasons for neck pain.
Common conditions causing neck pain are degenerative disc disease, neck strain, neck injury, herniated disc, pinched nerve. It also occurs due to spinal problems, stiffness of muscles in the neck and upper back.
Neck pain is commonly associated with dull aching. Neck pain may also be associated with headache, facial pain, shoulder pain, and arm numbness or tingling. Other symptoms may include:
Investigations depend on the onset, type and history of neck pain. Diagnostic tests include:
Treatment varies with underlying cause for neck pain. Most forms of neck pain can resolve with conservative measures. These may include rest, avoiding reinjury, and rehabilitation. Some treatments include:
Call a doctor if your pain persists, despite self-care measures such as, applying ice or heat, exercise, stretching, physical therapy, practicing good posture or if: